A wide variety of marine pests have been introduced to the Derwent through ballast water discharges, hull fouling, fishing and aquaculture activities. Shipping is likely to be responsible for the majority of the estuary’s introductions. Over eighty introduced marine species have been identified in the estuary, with the greatest concentration found around the Hobart docks.
Checking, cleaning and drying all boating, trailer, fishing and diving gear before coming into the estuary and after each trip to the estuary, is critical to preventing further spread. Biosecurity field hygiene kits and detailed information is available from NRM South.
The State of the Derwent Estuary 2020 provides an update on introduced marine species.
The following species are considered to be having the greatest ecological impact on the estuary. They are generally abundant and widespread.
Marine pests state-wide enquiries ph 6165 3777
Tasmanian government hotline for reporting any new sightings of marine pests (or suspect species).
Biosecurity Tasmania information about aquatic pests and diseases.
Redmap (Range Extension Database & Mapping project)
Project that invites the Australian community to spot, log and map marine species that are uncommon in Australia, or along particular parts of our coast.
Weeds and their management
Over 71 species of weeds are found along the Derwent estuary foreshore, including 15 State-declared weeds and seven Weeds of National Significance (WONS). Boneseed, African boxthorn, blackberry and fennel are particularly widespread.
In 2010, the DEP carried out a Derwent weed mapping and prioritisation project, with support from an Australian Government grant. Weed data was compiled from multiple sources and a number of management priorities were identified. Sixteen sites were identified for further work, two of which have been progressed in collaboration with our partners (karamu control in the upper estuary and weed management at Bedlam Walls/East Risdon).
Rice grass (Spartina anglica) is a native of Europe and was introduced to a number of Tasmanian estuaries with good intentions, but adverse consequences. The Tasmanian Government commenced control efforts in earnest around 1995, with DEP taking over the responsibility for surveys and control works in 2008. No plants have been observed since 2016. See the 2017 Rice grass Report for further information.
Karamu (Coprosma robusta) is another weed of particular concern for the Derwent. This New Zealand native is prevalent in the upper estuary near New Norfolk, and has the potential to spread into high value wetlands of the upper estuary. The DEP commenced control of this declared weed in 2010, with support from and Australian Government grant, and made good progress in reducing the extent of the infestation, with support from a number of partners. In 2017 efforts were renewed with the creation of a new Karamu Strategic Management Plan, designed by the Derwent Catchment Project with input from the DEP and other partners, and control work is progressing well.